12
Apr
2011

Common African Violet Problems

by Deena · 17 comments

in Container Gardening

Originally posted here on Real Country Living ~ August, 2009

More African Violet Stuff

African Violet problems can plague this popular flowering houseplant, but they are basically simple to keep healthy. In the right conditions, they will reward you with flowers for most of the year and will have very little trouble with pests and disease.

african violets

These African Violets are overgrown and need to be repotted...a problem which is easily fixed...and something I'll show you how to do in an upcoming post.

African Violet Pests

Mealybugs and Cyclamen Mites are the Most Common African Violet Pests

Mealybugs

There are two mealybugs which most often plague the African Violet; the Citrus mealybug  (Planococcus citri) and the Comstock mealybug  (Pseudococcus comstocki).

At about 1/4 inches in length,  mealybugs have soft bodies and look like they are covered with cotton. This is from a white waxy, sticky material that covers their bodies for protection.

You will find mealybugs on the leaves, stems and at the stem joints. The leaves will look undersized or deformed which is caused by the mealybugs sucking the plant sap for food. They excrete a sugary material, honeydew, while they feed which can coat the leaves and makes them sticky.

A plant will die if there is a heavy infestation that goes untreated.

Cyclamen Mites

Cyclamen Mites (Steneotarsonemus pallidus) are actually small spiders and not insects at all and are one of the most devastating of African Violet problems.

At 1/100 inch long, they cannot be seen just by looking at your plant which makes them very difficult to detect.  Most likely, you will find damage to your plant before you ever suspect mites are present.

Mites assail the underside of leaves, the new growth and the flowers of African Violets. Webs can be found around the leaf joints (where the leaf stem meets the main stem).

Symptoms of a Cyclamen Mite infestation might include severe stunting and curling of the leaves from the central part of the plant.  New leaves can appear grey in color because often they will be extremely hairy. Flowers might be malformed or may not open at all.

Similar to mealybugs, Mites feed by sucking the sap from the plant. Injecting a toxic chemical during feeding, mites cause the plant to grow abnormally. If left untreated, the African Violet will die, either just in the center of the plant or entirely. Some symptoms can linger, even after the infestation is under control. It will take time for the plant to return to it’s normal state and requires a continuous pruning of damaged and deformed leaves. This African Violet problem takes patience and perseverance to overcome.

A Natural Bug Spray Can Be Effective

A natural bug spray of soapy water can be effective in controlling Cyclamen mites and mealybugs. Insecticidal soaps such as, Safer Houseplant Insecticidal Soap and Concern Insect Killing Soap are two such sprays that can be used for African Violet pests as well.

Another choice may be botanical pyrethrins like  Schultz Houseplant & Garden Insect Spray or Safer Houseplant Insect Killer Aerosol.

Light infestations of Mealybugs can be controlled by dipping a Q-tip into rubbing alcohol and removing the pests with that. If it is a significant invasion, managing it will be much more complicated. Adult mealybugs are covered with a waxy substance to protect themselves from insecticides. Young mealybugs are at risk though, so the use of insecticidal soaps should be sufficient in getting rid of them.

If your plant is particularly special, spray with a product that is labeled for indoor use.  Bonide Mite-X is a good choice. Or use Ortho Systemic Insect Killer outside only.

Prevent Plant Fungus With Proper Watering

African Violet problems include Plant fungus, such as Crown Rot which can be avoided with proper watering methods.  This can occur when an African Violet is over watered, is planted too deeply or has poor drainage. The main stem and lower leaves can appear soggy, turn black and die, usually leading to the plants doom. I always, always water my African Violets from the bottom to avoid the top soil from becoming too moist.

Mildew can appear if the surrounding air is too dry, believe it or not. Prevent this by providing a high humidity environment for your African Violets.

Proper Care is All It Takes

With proper care, your African Violet problems will be kept to a minimum. Personally, I have never had a pest invasion, although my plants have experienced a bit of plant fungus problems from time to time. And becoming overgrown in their pots is something that happens to everyone…well, if you can keep them alive long enough! And I’ll show you how to re-pot your overgrown African Violets in an upcoming post! TTFN!

More African Violet Stuff

Got a Hankerin' For More?

{ 17 comments… read them below or add one }

Arpad Szollosi (Mr) April 9, 2012 at 8:34 am

Real Country Living,
The leaves of my double, pink, African Violet became brown-ish at the leaf margin. The hairs in these areas seem to be longer. Can you tell me what the problem is? Should I throw it out or try to save it? Arpad.

Reply

Deena April 10, 2012 at 4:41 am

Hi! I can’t be sure without seeing a picture of your African Violet…is there any chance that your plant has been over watered? I believe there’s a way for you to share a photo when leaving a comment here…that would be really helpful, if I could see what you have going on there. There are many reasons for leaves to turn brownish. There is some pretty good information here: http://www.uri.edu/ce/factsheets/sheets/africanviolet.html Try looking over some of that and maybe getting a picture of your plant here for us all to see? Thanks for writing! Deena

Reply

Diana Bussen June 24, 2012 at 1:27 pm

Why do my African voitets slowly migrate to the side of the pot? I am rotating. Thank you.

Reply

Darlene Hiltabidle October 20, 2012 at 4:30 pm

Several of my African Violets have curved necks instead of straight ones. Any ideas why.
Thank you.

Reply

Gay Miller October 27, 2012 at 12:32 pm

Two of my African Violets that are small, one started from a leaf, the second one bought at a local AVS sale, are not thriving, the one that is a plant I may have overwatered and am trying to dry it out but the leaf has babies that are not growing. What can I do? Thank You

Reply

Josephine McGinnis January 9, 2013 at 9:16 am

I have an African Violet that has grown very “leggy” and tall. Can I prune this down so that it will become a bushy plant again. It is not very pretty this way. It is in an
east window that has a blind on it. Please help

Reply

Donna January 30, 2013 at 12:00 pm

My African violet is floppy. I have removed the brown leaves.(There were not many.) In examining the neck and crown, both seem OK. I am going to repot it in a clean clay pot, using Espoma African Violet soil. Any suggestions? Should I water it? Help! Thanks

Reply

Grace Christenson March 24, 2013 at 9:09 am

My violets have long stemmed leaves coming out of the edge and there is a cluster of small leaves coming up in the middle.. Is there something wrong with them.. I have had them for a long time..thank you for your time..Gracie

Reply

Deena April 29, 2013 at 7:53 pm

I’m so sorry Gracie, but I’m really not sure about your poor violet babies! I wish I could see a picture of them so I knew for sure what you were describing? Have you divided them before?

Reply

Claud Y. July 12, 2013 at 12:00 pm

I have a mature Violet that has become overrun with suckers and new growth. It’s really pushing 1 side of the plant almost vertical.

This plant is blooming so very well, but is growing all out of shape and appears to have too much extra growth on her.

How do I go about splitting and separating her without damaging her? I want to make sure that I save the main plant, and possibly some of the new growth for propagating and sharing with friends and family. I have pictures, but don’t know how to post them here.

Thank you in advance,

Claud Y.

Reply

Deena January 7, 2014 at 5:49 am

Hello Claud – I apologize for my delay here…but have a look at this blog post I’ve got for dividing African Violets. I think it will be just what you need! http://www.realcountryliving.com/container-gardening/dividing-african-violets/ Enjoy :)

Reply

Jnona August 8, 2013 at 1:22 pm

Help. I was repotting my African violets and as I took them out of the pot there was these white spots. don’t know how else to describe them I would call them eggs, but I have no idea. Not all my plants had these but several did, the spots are on the dirt where it had been against the side of the pot. Please if you have any suggestions?
Thanks

Reply

Online Pharmacy May 14, 2014 at 3:13 am

Actually no matter if someone doesn’t understand afterward its up
to other visitors that they will help, so here it takes
place.

Reply

facts about healthy eating May 14, 2014 at 2:34 pm

What’s up to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more from this web site, and your views are nice designed for new people.

Reply

tick and flea treatment for cats May 19, 2014 at 3:36 pm

Hi there colleagues, pleasant paragraph and good arguments commented here, I
am in fact enjoying by these.

Reply

Earnest June 3, 2014 at 6:24 pm

Excellent post. I am experiencing many of these issues as well..

Reply

Google June 17, 2014 at 11:18 pm

is updated frequently with free advice about Google Ad – Words strategy, tactics,
tips tricks and techniques for success in Ad – Words
advertising. In addition, the observing surgeons could transmit their comments to the operating
surgeon, who could read them on the Google Glass monitor.
Reputation Defense Online an around the world Cyber Investigation along with Litigation Assistance Agency for Net Defamation, often receives inquiries from attorneys along with law enforcement agencies
on the way to subpoena Google’s Legal Division.

Reply

Leave a Comment

Previous post:

Next post: